Committees & Agenda Items
- 8th Committee -
8th Committee: International Court of Justice (ICJ)
Agenda item: Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina V. Serbia and Montenegro)
USG: Alp Üneri
Study Guide: Coming Soon
ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.
The Court’s role is to “settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.” ICJ is a civil, not criminal court, meaning that it has no jurisdiction over individual crimes. It is associated with legal disputes between parties, not individuals.
In BHMUN’20, the Court will be a simulation the of Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro) that was held between the years 1993-1996. For further information about the case, please check the official website of the ICJ: https://www.icj-cij.org/en/case/91
The structure of the Court is as follows;
Advocates: The advocates are present as Applicant and Respondent parties. Two advocates are required for each party. It must be taken into consideration by judges that the statements of the advocates are not deemed as evidence.
Applicant Party: The applicant Party is the state to file an application to the ICJ with the purpose of initiating a case between itself and another nation so-called the “Respondent Party” to settle the matter on a legal framework.
Respondent Party: The Respondent party is the state which responds to the case by defending itself from the Applicant Party’s claim. It is crucial for the Respondent Party to prove the Applicant Party’s claim wrong by submitting evidence.
Judges: The judges are the crucial decision-makers of the court. Since there is no jury in the International Court of Justice, the judges officiate at the court as the “fact seekers” and “triers of law”. The judges in the ICJ do not represent a delegation or a party, but only themselves. The judges are not expected to make thorough research on the topic on their own beforehand. Only a brief and objective description of the dispute would be enough.